Well-being of Workers: Bodily health, Mental well-being and labour as Capabilities

Bizzotto, Giulia (2010). "Well-being of Workers: Bodily health, Mental well-being and labour as Capabilities" Paper presented at the 7th annual conference of the HDCA, 21-23 September 2010, Amman, Jordan.

This paper is focused on workers’ well-being and on the role of labour as dimension of individual well-being. The original contribution consists of defending the life-domain labour as capability in the meaning of Sen (1985; 1992; 1997) following Arendt’s (1958) reasoning on active life. The empirical application is inspired to the empirical works of Krishnakumar (2007), Di Tommaso (2007), Krishnakumar and Ballon (2008) and Di Tommaso et al. (2009) as interesting and innovative researches which allows modelling individual well-being in a capabilities perspective. This paper proposes a Structural Equation Model representing three of the relevant capabilities of workers. They are the capability bodily health, the capability mental well-being and the capability labour. The model allows capabilities being interdependent and in particular it focuses on the impact of labour on the other two dimensions of well-being. The results of the model confirm the interdependency of the different dimensions of well-being: deprivation in a capability leads to deprivation in the others. The capability labour turns out to be significantly related to the others. Non-standard employment forms result in depriving not only the capability of labour but also the capabilities bodily health and mental well-being because of the interaction among them. The only exception is the term time employment contract, which is an employment form that allows workers to match their working time with school timing of their children.
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