Pande, Manasi (2010). "The Impact of Poverty on the Lives and Education of Young Carers in India: THE Value of Gilligan’s Voice-Centered Approach for Policy Research" Paper presented at the 7th annual conference of the HDCA, 21-23 September 2010, Amman, Jordan.

Like many countries India has affirmed its commitment to achieving EFA goals by 2015. Nevertheless millions of children are still denied access to schooling and even larger numbers leave prematurely, dropping out before gaining appropriate skills. In much published work on child labour and school dropouts in India, young people have been denied an independent voice. This paper used a youth centred approach to study the role and significance of schooling in the lives of a particular group of disadvantaged children, called young carers. Young carers aged, 11-16 years, living in poverty, frequently drop out of school to support their families. They take on responsibilities usually carried out by their parents, including providing care to other children. Voice centred relational method of data analysis helps measure various capabilities that young carers develop or get constrained through their care, domestic work and employment. It explores how they derive a sense of agency from their work despite deep dependencies and value schooling with a hope of getting another chance to be educated. The paper concludes by highlighting the contribution of this method for policy research; that if educational programmes are to appeal to young carers living in poverty, policymakers need to understand the relational and cultural complexity of their gendered lives through such a voice centred approach, which otherwise go unnoticed.