The Idea of Glocal Public Philosophy and Its Relation to the Capability Approach
Yamawaki, Naoshi (2016). 'The Idea of Glocal Public Philosophy and Its Relation to the Capability Approach' Paper presented at the annual conference of the HDCA, Tokyo 2016.
abstract Glocal Public Philosophy which I have been developing for last ten years means a practical philosophy that deals with universal public issues from the particular public world or place where each individual lives and acts. It attaches much importance to the correlation between the globality of issues and the historically, as well as culturally, characterized localities in which each human being lives. The global and local viewpoints are seen as interdependent, and public values and particularity of thinking are then viewed as hardly separable. Based upon this viewpoint, glocal public philosophy proposes the integration of a three-dimensional method of learning in the sense of the process of gaining knowledge through studying. a) Empirical research on social realities in the past and present. It relates to the philosophical question what must we know? b) Normative theory of present and future societies. This relates to the question what should we think, judge, and do? c) The socio-political issue on the feasibility of norms for the future. This relates to the question what can we perform? What is important here is to integrate this tripartite method of learning “through interdisciplinary collaboration” in which each philosopher, social scientist, technologist, and even natural scientist takes part in his or her own way. As a matter of fact, there are numerous glocal public issues in the world such as war and peace, nuclear weapons, nuclear energy, global warming, human rights, justice, poverty, wellbeing, etc., that require public discussions and interdisciplinary collaborations. This fact then leads us to a three-dimensional trans-national ethics that consists of positive and negative values, duty ethics, and virtue ethics of public ethics for the glocal philosophy. Further, glocal public philosophy requires both normative and descriptive understanding of Public World, Self, and Others, which I would like to call Glocal Ontology. How do these ideas and methods relate to the capability approach developed by Amartya Sen and Martha Nussbaum? Departing from this concern, I will first clarify the idea, scope and method of glocal public philosophy and then try to find a place where it and the capability approach meet. Keywords glocal public philosophy, three-dimensional method of learning,three-dimensional trans-national ethics, glocal ontology,capability approach