Ham González, Andrés (2010). "The Effect of Conditional Cash Transfers on Educational Opportunities Experimental Evidence from Latin America" Paper presented at the 7th annual conference of the HDCA, 21-23 September 2010, Amman, Jordan.

Conditional Cash Transfers (CCTs) provide income transfers to the poor in an effort to improve current welfare and promote investment in human and social capital to prevent future deprivation. So far, the impact evaluation literature has not undertaken the estimation of long-run or structural effects. This paper uses recent contributions in the measurement of opportunities to overcome this gap in the literature and to encourage discussion on the long-run effects of such interventions, mainly by their effect on social mobility. CCTs provide a unique framework for this assessment, which is exploited in order to obtain empirical estimates from three interventions in Latin America. The main findings indicate remarkable equalization in schooling outcomes and an increase in educational opportunities. However, these initial positive gains seem to be compensated by another effect, which restores the initial unequal setting.