Matthews, Joel Robert (2011). "The Capability Approach as a guide to community-based values assessment for development" Paper presented at the 8th annual conference of the HDCA, 6-8 September 2011, the Hague, the Netherlands.

Most western-based development interventions around the world can be classified as one of three types: pro-modernization, anti-modernization, or participatory. Although a middle way of participation avoids the extremes of modernization and anti-modernization, traditional societies often seem to founder during participatory exercises because certain key values may block community development. Thus, some sort of values assessment seems necessary for development to proceed. The Capability Approach (CA), as expressed in Amartya Sen?s Development as Freedom, with its strong basis of freedom to achieve the life one has reason to value, can provide guidance for the development of a methodology for community-based valuesassessment. Such a methodology could help moribund communities break free of constraints that have prevented them from achieving their vision of the good life. Ideas for the development of such a methodology are suggested at the conclusion of the paper, and critique is solicited.