Sustainability of migration model in Moldova

Peleah, Mihail (2012). "Sustainability of migration model in Moldova" Paper presented at the 9th annual conference of the HDCA, 5-7 September 2012, Jakarta, Indonesia.

We consider sustainability of current migration model, developed in Moldova in recent years. Using available data we are concluding, that the model unsustainable in medium and long term. From natural resource perspective, population of Moldova is decreasing and country will be physically unable to supply so many migrants in medium and long-term future. Migration affects social capital both positively and negatively, but it seems that net impact is negative. So far, migration and remittances have had only limited positive impact on economic capital, while the most of remittances have been used for consumption and channeled out of the country as import payments. Our conclusions call for active management of migration processes in Moldova, especially in optimizing social outcomes of migration and increasing positive effects on social capital.
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