SURVIVAL STRATEGIES AND WELL-BEING IN OLD AGE: A CASE OF THE ELDERLY PERSONS OF SEVENTY YEARS AND ABOVE IN LUWEERO DISTRICT, UGANDA

Migadde, Frank Sanday; Migadde, Frank Sanday; Najjuma, Saidah Mbooge (2016). 'SURVIVAL STRATEGIES AND WELL-BEING IN OLD AGE: A CASE OF THE ELDERLY PERSONS OF SEVENTY YEARS AND ABOVE IN LUWEERO DISTRICT, UGANDA' Paper presented at the annual conference of the HDCA, Tokyo 2016.


abstract
Abstract
Survival Strategies and well-being of the elderly persons have become increasingly popular in the current debates of diversity (WHO/EMR, 2003). Though it is anticipated that the older one becomes, the more he/she has accumulate wealth, in rural Uganda, the elderly are among the most vulnerable groups unable to live a secure and dignified life. They are unable to attain their rights as stipulated in Uganda’s 1995 Constitution, Article 32 (1) due to physical incapacitation, combined with unequal power relations. This study sought to ascertain the survival strategies of the elderly persons 70 years and above in Luweero district, the sources of support accessed by the elderly for their well-being and the challenges they encounter.  The study employed a descriptive survey design using a sample size of 168 respondents that were selected randomly and purposively.  Data was gathered using in-depth interviews, focus group discussions and key informants guide and was analyzed using SPSS. Findings show that families and relatives were still the most reliable source of survival strategies for elderly persons, although the scope of services was dwindling over time. There was no proper government/ institutional provisions for elderly persons and the elderly were not aware of any assistance available for them from government bodies. Many elderly worked hard to maintain their living conditions and to take care of their grand children who had lost their parents due to HIV and AIDS. The study concludes that despite the existing government policies and programs for the elderly, their quality of life continues to deteriorate in poverty due to limited sources of income, pathetic health care and multitude of tasks they undertake at old age. It recommends for socio- economic empowerment of the families with elderly persons, promotion of resource mobilization for the elderly through cooperative movements, promoting a culture of saving and investing among young people, advocacy for human rights of elderly persons, awareness on strategies about rights and policies about the elderly and infusion of elderly issues into the education curriculum.
 
 

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