Gonzales de Olarte, Efraín, and Javier M. Iguíñiz Echeverría (2010). "State Density and Capabilities Approach: Conceptual, Methodological and Empirical Issues" Paper presented at the 7th annual conference of the HDCA, 21-23 September 2010, Amman, Jordan.

The core of the paper analyses the State functionings in the process of providing basic social services (education, health, identity documents, etc.) in the provinces of Peru. The concept “Density of the State” is designed to elaborate an index (SDI) to quantify State´s territorial presence. Since such activity is not a one-sided affair, the paper analyses the elements involved in the complex interaction between State and society. A summary of the main statistical results at the provincial level is provided and also a contrast between the SDI and the HDI. The paper is a summary and conceptual extension of the UNDP-Peru Human Development Report 2010 where the authors participated as part of the consulting team that elaborated it.