Socio Economic Inequalities in Child Undernutrition in India

Sharma, Sandeep (2012). "Socio Economic Inequalities in Child Undernutrition in India" Paper presented at the 9th annual conference of the HDCA, 5-7 September 2012, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Undernutrition is one of the primary causes of both ill-health and mortality among children in developing countries. Child undernutrition not only reflects absolute deprivation it is also a significant capability failure in itself. Undernutrition not only exposes children to constant risks of morbidities and mortality it also has a long lasting effect on the health and well being of that child in later years. This study examines the effect of socio economic inequality on child undernutrition. A general consensus among economists is that it is absolute income that matters for health and average health will improve as average income increases and inequality in income reduces, also called as absolute income hypothesis (Wagstaff and Doorslaer, 2000). This study tests for absolute income hypothesis and its effect on child undernutrition in the context of India. It also explores the importance of other social factors and their influence on undernutrition.
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