SOCIAL EXCLUSION AND EMPLOYMENT INEQUALITIES IN NIGERIA.
Oboh, Ebehireme (2014). 'SOCIAL EXCLUSION AND EMPLOYMENT INEQUALITIES IN NIGERIA.' Paper presented at the annual conference of the HDCA, 2-5 September 2014, Athens, Greece.
It is evident in most societies as it is in Nigeria the reliance of the poor on the rich. This is caused by a dependent mindset that makes people think they have a right to assistance from those more privileged than they are. John Rawl's second principle of justice implies that social and economic inequalities are to satisfy the conditions of equal opportunity and the provision of greatest advantage to the least advantageous in society. His assumption was that the least advantaged have the greatest needs and that those who receive special powers also have special responsibilities or burdens to the disadvantaged in the society (Garrett, 2005).
The aim of this paper is to explore the trends in the implementation of social justice in the area of job creation and employment in Nigeria. It also hopes to find possible ways to ensure that the vulnerable or socially disadvantaged can achieve an acceptable value of life by the availability of means to earn a living
Data was gathered through interviews, the issuing of questionnaires, journals, newspaper reviews and world reports on social justice and social exclusion. Challenges were encountered in accessing government employment records due to the unavailability of an open data system in that regard.
Information gathered highlighted some of the causes of the dire inequality that persists in the Nigerian employment market and the position of the vulnerable in that scheme. It also explored societal issues like ethnicity and tribalism, god-fatherism, religion and social strata amongst others, and their relationship with exclusion and employment inequality in Nigeria.
The research showed that though education is a basic necessity, it is not enough anymore to secure a decent lifestyle in the Nigerian economic scene due to the absence of fairness in the employment market.
In as much as the government and those with higher powers have a responsibility to the underprivileged and vulnerable, responsibility lies in the hands of the presently vulnerable to take the power to change their lives. With the prediction that the exclusion will remain part of society, the gospel of human development and capabilities paradigm is the only way to bridge the gap of employment inequality in Nigeria.