Iguiniz, Javier M., and Giannina Vaccaro (2011). "Reducing transport costs through peasants? innovation: a difficult capability expansion experience" Paper presented at the 8th annual conference of the HDCA, 6-8 September 2011, the Hague, the Netherlands.

In this paper we will focus on one kind of freedom: “Economic facilities (in the form of opportunities to participate in trade and production).”(Sen 1999:11). One aspect of such freedom is access to markets. We carry out an approximation to one of the elements necessary to confront such a challenge, focusing our attention on one aspect of the workings of the market: peasants` innovation influencing transportation costs. Innovation here has the limited sense of crop substitution that increases the proportion of high valued products. Is there in Peru a more or less extensive process of switching to products with a higher value per unit of weight? The results are based on a subsample of the national household survey in Peru.