“red integrar: provincia mÁs municipio”: network of integration of basic social services for vulnerable population in rural areas. corrientes. arg
VARGAS VIOLA, María Ludmila (2018). '"RED INTEGRAR: PROVINCIA MÁS MUNICIPIO": NETWORK OF INTEGRATION OF BASIC SOCIAL SERVICES FOR VULNERABLE POPULATION IN RURAL AREAS. CORRIENTES. ARG' Paper presented at the annual conference of the HDCA, Buenos Aires, Argentina 2018.
Corrientes, located in the Great North of Argentina, on the periphery of the "spatial (territorial) system of the country" (Rofman, 1999). It presents one of the lowest Human Development Index – province (0.828) in the country (0.848) (UNDP Argentina, 2013). According to the National Population and Housing Census 2010 (INDEC), the capital department of Corrientes concentrates 36% of the total population of the province. The second most important city has less than 9% of the provincial population. The explosion of urban population of the city of Corrientes and its surroundings is mainly explained by the rural migration to the capital city (Foschiatti, 2004) and in terms of habitat, it appears to be related to the increase of marginal neighborhoods or spontaneous settlements -individual or collective -, in that way, they make a map of urban territorial poverty (Mignone, 2011).
In order to reverse this rural migration process, “The government´s strategic plan” proposed as a strategy to improve territorial equity: the provision of health, education and infrastructure in the provincial interior. Between 2001 and 2012 real provincial public spending increased annually around 65% in education and 56% in health, while inter-census variation of the population (2001-2010) was about 6.6%, even though, the situation of capacities in rural areas has showed important differences in relationship with urban spaces.
The aim of the research is to present a framework that allows the improvement of the formulation, design and implementation of public policies oriented to social investment in rural contexts, in order: 1) to identify structural patterns in data that act as conditioning factors for the low levels of performance achieved in the dimensions of the HDI (education, health, dignified life) of rural populations in multidimensional poverty conditions (users of the services), and 2) to describe the underlying frameworks in territorial offers of services that impede the accessibility to they.
The document first describes the functioning achieved and presents a multivariate statistical analysis of human development dimensions in rural population in conditions of multidimensional poverty in municipalities of Corrientes (Argentina). This territory is characterized by geographical studies as one of the six "Hard Nuclei of the Poverty of the Great North in Argentina" (Bolsi and Paolasso, 2009).
The subject is approached from the perspective of Human Development. The dimensions of the HDI; (Education, Health and dignified life) are considered as dependent variables in the analysis of segmentation, classification and multiple correspondence of a set of numerical and categorical variables that allow the identification of structural patterns of data, both for the identification of conditioning factors and for the creation of differential profiles of users between rural population in conditions of multidimensional poverty. The main variable of classification and segmentation in dimensions: health, education and income, constitutes the municipality of residence, validating the hypothesis of human development as a process of territorial nature in which the achievements of the people are determined by the environment in which they operate daily.
Based on these conclusions, the second part proposes a revision of the current conceptual frameworks, in the design and the implementation of social policies in rural territories. The underlying assumptions regarding health, education and income, as well as the criteria of agency, intersectoriality, interjurisdictionality, and territoriality, are recovered from the contents of the "Provincial Participatory Strategic Planning" and are contrasted with evaluative criteria of the Capacity Approach (agency, freedom, achievement, control and well-being) proposed by (Díaz Ruiz, 2016) and justice. Finally, the profiles of potential users identified and the normative and operative methodological propositions, are opposed to reality of the implementation and management of health policies in rural territories, identifying the tensions that must be overcome in order to contribute to the reversal of the multidimensional poverty situation and ultimately to improve the dimensions of human development, using health policy as an example of analysis.
Keywords: rural human development, multivariate analysis, social policies, health