Tikly, Leon (2012). "Reconceptualising TVET and Development: towards a capabilities and social justice approach" Paper presented at the 9th annual conference of the HDCA, 5-7 September 2012, Jakarta, Indonesia.

The paper considers the relevance of three approaches for understanding the role of TVET in relation to development. It startsby reviewing existing, dominant approaches, namely the human capital and a sustainable development approaches.Each is considered in relation to their underlying view of human development; how TVET is defined and understood in relation to its role in development; and key policy issues and priorities for national governments and donors. It will be argued that whilst the two approaches offer valuable insights into TVET’s role in relation to different aspects of human development they are also partial in addressing key issues facing the TVET sector. The paper then outlines a human capabilities approach based on the work of AmartyaSen and Martha Nussbaum. It is argued that such an approach has the potential to develop and extend existing approaches in ways that are more relevant for facing contemporary challenges. The paper concludes by suggesting a model of TVET and development that whilst based within a capabilities approach incorporates aspects of dominant approaches.