Proposed methodology for estimating the rate of social exclusion as a relevant dimension in multidimensional poverty of the indigenous population in the state of Veracruz.
MEDEL RAMIREZ, CARLOS (2016). 'Proposed methodology for estimating the rate of social exclusion as a relevant dimension in multidimensional poverty of the indigenous population in the state of Veracruz.' Paper presented at the annual conference of the HDCA, Tokyo 2016.
In the fight against poverty recognized as lacerating, the condition of economic marginalization and social exclusion of the population lies in poverty; but even more, which is observed in the indigenous language speaking population, which is conferred by this fact alone, a higher level of gravity to overcome poverty. Recent studies have shown that the indigenous population has been subject to social exclusion and this exacerbates their poverty, hampering their social inclusion as impossible for them to access the formal labor market, and thus access to health services, education and housing (Tetreault, 2012; Rionda, 2010; Beard, 2009; Del Popolo et al, 2009;. Uquillas et al., 2003; Appasamy, 1996).
In Mexico, the academic discussion and legal regulations currently pushing towards a multidimensional approach of poverty, this has not been an easy task. There are several conceptual challenges to be resolved; for example, the definition of the relevant dimensions in the study of poverty. (CONEVAL, 2010, Alkire and Foster, 2008; Gordon, 2007; Boltnivik, 2007).
The methodology used currently in Program Development Priority Zones (PDZP), does not consider the aspects of social exclusion and multidimensional poverty. Consequently, since in 2008 the State of Veracruz recorded 3.68 million people living in multidimensional poverty, increasing by 2,010 to 4,400,000. According to the Poverty Report and evaluation of Veracruz 2012, of the 32 states, the State ranked seventh in percentage of population in poverty and fourth in percentage of population living in extreme poverty. Therefore, it is located within the ten states with the highest poverty in the country, where in 186 municipalities out of a total of 212, ie 87.7%, more than half of the municipalities are located on condition of multidimensional poverty , so it is estimated that the strategy to combat poverty by implementing Priority Development zones has not worked in solving capabilities that enhance and inclusion in the labor market to solve the problem that poverty generates.
That is, that the way that establishes targeting federal resources in programs to combat poverty considered as passive recipients, not as active players (Sen, 2003); Moreover, it is part of the concept of poverty at the individual or household level, measured at the level of insufficient income and the absence of factors that create the potential human capital. Thus it is not considered in the value of social networks, grassroots organizations and cooperative production schemes. In this regard, we believe that the review and proposed incorporation of social exclusion to identify and focus federal public resources, will improve the design of social programs by defining the universe and the target population in combating multidimensional poverty in the localities have a high participation of indigenous people, and in a precarious structure of opportunities in the access and enjoyment of their social rights manifest.
In the case of Mexico, there is no indicator to measure the degree of social exclusion. This paper presents a methodology for estimating social exclusion index (IES), by estimating main components. Our proposal is to incorporate the rate of social exclusion as a factor that can explain the current condition of multidimensional poverty in the localities that have a high concentration of indigenous population and high economic marginalization in the state of Veracruz, and thus analyze the scope of social policy to combat poverty, as the case of Program Development Priority zones.