Chiappero-Martinetti, Enrica (2010). "Poverty as Lack of Opportunity: A Comparison Between John Roemer and Amartya Sen" Paper presented at the 7th annual conference of the HDCA, 21-23 September 2010, Amman, Jordan.

In the last decade, the debate on egalitarian justice has increasingly shifted from inequality of outcome to equality of opportunity. This latter paid greater attention to social and economic circumstances which hinder individuals from competing at the same starting level, and to the real opportunities people have to pursue their own life plans and objectives. Amartya Sen and John Roemer are considered the authors who made a significant contribution to the debate, even though they started from different premises, and reached rather different conclusions. In this paper, I will compare and contrast two approaches – equality of opportunity of John Roemer and equality of capability of Amartya Sen - pointing out analogies and differences between these two views.