Political equality in deliberative democracy and capability

García Valverde, Facundo (2009). "Political equality in deliberative democracy and capability" Paper presented at the 6th annual conference of the HDCA, 10-12 September 2009, Lima, Peru.

The recognition and fulfillment of the principle “one person, one vote” by most contemporary democracies would seem to minimize the relevance of the justification of political equality. However, the upcoming of deliberative democracy conceptions implies the need of a reinterpretation. Here we offer a non-instrumental justification for the substantive dimension of political equality which demands that every participant have a fair opportunity for political influence. First, we show that non-ideal contexts supposed by Bohman’s theory obscure our intuitions about political equality. Next, we show that Rawlsian theory, designed under ideal contexts, justifies a demand of political equality on the grounds of self-respect; to clarify these grounds, we distinguish three possible interpretations each one related to an egalitarian metric and we show that institutions of political participation should guarantee capabilities to participate in deliberations. Finally, we show why Crockerian account must develop a specific space for deliberative agency.
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