Shirazi, Asima (2012). "Pakistan’s children and capabilities: Unveiling the heterogeneity among children’s allocation of time in different migrant communities in Karachi." Paper presented at the 9th annual conference of the HDCA, 5-7 September 2012, Jakarta, Indonesia.

A person’s capabilities and functionings are in many cases determined by decisions taken by parents during the formative childhood years of the individual. Children’s allocation of time amongst different competing activities has significant repercussions in the future on their participation in different spheres of social life as adults including economic, cultural and political. A survey of approximately 600 children belonging to different communities in Karachi was undertaken and subsequently econometric techniques were applied to the data collected to enable the identification of the various factors that influence household decision making regarding children and their time. A disaggregated approach highlights the heterogeneity of the population in a large city. The aggregate picture fails to reveal differences within households belonging to diverse ethnic and religious backgrounds. The approach adopted in this study also reveals the importance of sociological and behavioral factors at the level of the community and their subsequent impact on household decision making as pertaining to child labour and school enrolment.