Multidimensional Poverty Index for Colombia

Angulo, Roberto, Renata Pardo, Yadira Diaz, and Yolanda Riveros (2011). "Multidimensional Poverty Index for Colombia" Paper presented at the 8th annual conference of the HDCA, 6-8 September 2011, the Hague, the Netherlands.

This paper presents the Multidimensional Poverty Index for Colombia (MPI-Colombia), an initiative of the National Planning Department based on the Alkire and Foster (FA) methodology (2007, 2011a). The proposed methodology for Colombia is composed of 5 dimensions: household education conditions, childhood and youth conditions, health, labor, and access to household utilities and living conditions. A nested weighting structure was used, where each dimension is equally weighted as is each indicator within each dimension. From the analysis it can be observed that multidimensional poverty in Colombia decreased between 1997 and 2010. Urban and rural area indicators show that regardless of the reduction in all multidimensional poverty measurements imbalances remain. Major differences are also observed among regions. Regarding the multidimensional poverty gap and severity, a greater reduction in severity is observed, suggesting that poverty reduction achievements have covered the poorest population evidencing targeting. In addition, this paper presents some applications of the MPI-Colombia for public policy purposes.
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