Monitoring progress of excluded groups to ensure no one is left behind by the sdgs: a mixed methods study of tanzania and indonesia

Lenhardt, Amanda (2018). 'Monitoring progress of excluded groups to ensure no one is left behind by the SDGs: a mixed methods study of Tanzania and Indonesia' Paper presented at the annual conference of the HDCA, Buenos Aires, Argentina 2018.


Governments have pledged to ‘leave no one behind’ in their efforts to meet the Sustainable Development Goals by committing that the goals be met for “all nations, peoples and segments of society” and by prioritising people that are furthest away from achieving the SDG targets. To monitor progress against the pledge to ‘leave no one behind’, a concerted effort is needed to collect data on those peoples and segments of society that are furthest behind and to track these groups over the course of the SDGs, as currently this data is not available. In an effort to measure the relational aspect of multidimensional poverty in two of its operating countries, Save the Children has undertaken a mixed methods study of social exclusion in Tanzania and Indonesia to identify those groups of children that are furthest behind from achieving the SDGs. This study sets out to identify which groups have been excluded from progress in key areas of human development and the drivers of their exclusion. Using a two-stage sequential transformative approach, this study first examines existing nationally representative quantitative data to observe the level of deprivation in key areas of human development across identifiable social groups. The second stage of the study involved participatory qualitative research with groups of children and key informants across 4 regions of Tanzania and 7 regions of Indonesia to collect data on groups not identifiable through the qualitative analysis as well as to triangulate findings on groups that are present in available data. The study finds a number of socially excluded groups of children that are deprived across poverty dimensions that are not observable in the nationally representative quantitative data, including unregistered children, street children, children from pastoralist communities and stateless children.  From a methodological perspective, the study also demonstrates the effectiveness of mixed methods research as a strategy to monitor the inclusivity of progress towards the SDGs for socially excluded groups that are absent from nationally representative data. 

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