Pagliani, Paola (2009). "Mobility and Human Development: the National Perspective: Insights from National and Regional Human Development Reports on Mobility and Migration" Paper presented at the 6th annual conference of the HDCA, 10-12 September 2009, Lima, Peru.

Migration has a different impact on migrants, their families and country of origin according to the characteristics of migrants (e.g. skilled or unskilled), their social networks in both country of destination and country of origin, the type of migration (forced or voluntary), and other dimensions which have a profound impact on human development achievements. Migration issues are analyzed from different perspectives in 2 regional (RHDRs), 15 national (NHDRs) and 2 sub-national human development reports. In three cases (Albania, El Salvador and Mexico) migration was the central theme of the NHDRs, while in most cases migration was mentioned as one of the issues with an impact on a specific topic relevant to human development in that country or region. This paper highlights national HDR work in applying the Human Development analytical framework to the analysis of migration issues, particularly with respect to gathering data, including through surveys and their analysis to convey related policy recommendations. We offer a comparative analysis to showcase how NHDRs can be used as tools to assess the impact of migration at the country level, what is the value added of applying the human development methodology, what are the main shortcomings and the potential to overcome them. The paper also explores various definitions of migration: who are migrants and how to understand the continuum of choices and policies characterizing internal and international, legal and illegal, and voluntary and forced migration? Measurement issues that have emerged during the preparation of the HDRs are highlighted, including the use of proxies to determine the value added of migration, capturing migration through a revised version of the HDI, elaborating targeted surveys to collecting migration-relevant information and other migration-specific statistics. We conclude by offering a comparative analysis of national policy recommendations, which reflect sending countries’ diverse perspectives, but also the relative availability of data and information, which ultimately influence the debate linking migration and human development.