Migration patterns of maroons and the level of urban inclusiveness

sobhie, rosita;
Nankoe, Mirella;
Algoe, Kirti (2018). 'Migration patterns of Maroons and the level of urban inclusiveness' Paper presented at the annual conference of the HDCA, Buenos Aires, Argentina 2018.


Abstract


This paper analyzes to what extent and in which ways Maroons are integrated in the urban region of Suriname, a country on the North East coast of South America. The aim is to assess the current welfare status of this group in relation to influences of their past forced and natural migration. Maroons are descendants of enslaved Africans who escaped from the plantations and settled as tribes in the interior in the colonial period. The paper distinguishes waves of migration of Maroons. Bearing these waves in mind, the study examines to what extent Maroons are integrated in common city life by assessing their current socio-economic position in comparison with that of other ethnic groups in the city. Using the framework of the capability approach (CA) and the Alkire-Foster-method a set of indicators is selected to carry out the aforementioned assessments. The results show that  besides their disadvantaged position at national level, Maroon households in the urban are also have the highest poverty incidence compared to households with another ethnic background. They face the highest deprivations in dimensions associated with educational level, economic security, assets, housing and living conditions.


 


Keywords: Maroons, Suriname, Inclusiveness, Human Development, Capability Approach, Alkire-Foster- method


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