Feria, Monica Ann (2011). "Migration as an exit option? Reassessing women's capability to exit or renegotiate gender roles in the context of Filipino overseas labor migration" Paper presented at the 8th annual conference of the HDCA, 6-8 September 2011, the Hague, the Netherlands.

Gender negotiations are deadlocked on the issue of the double burden—working working women’s disproportionate share of family responsibilities. This paper considers whether transnational family arrangements, a social innovation spurred by global labor migration and advances in communication, are providing migrant women with new exit options and expanded capabilities to renegotiate gender roles. Using the capability approach, it explores the impact of the transnational family arrangement on three known bargaining aces: exit options, perceived contributions, and a woman’s sense of worth. It delves into the issue of agency and family obligations. Noting that migration often reconstitutes an extended family, it underscores a negotiating framework based on the principle of each member’s capabilities.