Muñiz Castillo , Mirtha R., and Des Gasper (2009). "Looking for long-run development effectiveness: An autonomy-centred framework for project evaluation" Paper presented at the 6th annual conference of the HDCA, 10-12 September 2009, Lima, Peru.

This paper proposes an analytical framework to assess project effects on human lives. It goes beyond looking at project outputs and short-run effectiveness in terms of project-specified objectives, and proposes a development effectiveness criterion that looks at whether and how projects positively influence participants’ autonomy: a human autonomy effectiveness criterion. The focus is on individuals as agents of change, and on their goals and values, rather than on projects as designed to directly produce other changes. The framework identifies relevant processes, practices and relationships during a project cycle. It aims at contributing to design, implementation and evaluation of aid projects so that participants are able to achieve valuable goals, with greater chance of sustained positive effects. The paper is based on a study of four infrastructure projects in Nicaragua and El Salvador supported by Luxembourg’s aid agency, between 1999 and 2005.