Like Mother, Like Daughter? An Empirical Examination of ‘Durable’ Women’s Empowerment Using Panel Data

Chindarkar, Namrata Ravindra; Akter, Sonia (2016). 'Like Mother, Like Daughter? An Empirical Examination of ‘Durable’ Women’s Empowerment Using Panel Data' Paper presented at the annual conference of the HDCA, Tokyo 2016.


abstract
This study empirically tests the concept of “durable” empowerment using representative and rich panel data from India for the years 2004−2005 and 2011−2012. The findings of the study reveal that, although, overall empowerment increases over time, the change in empowerment varies across domains. Further, we find that durability of empowerment varies across individual capabilities as well as the opportunity structure within which the women operate. Finally, our results further reveal a significant inter-generational effect of women’s empowerment. The inter-generational effect is significant even when the younger women do not reside with the older female kin in the same household providing evidence of social network effect of women’s empowerment.

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