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Bronfman, Javier; Hadad, Maria Ignacia (2017). 'Life versus Mogen: are the Mapuche people living a different life?' Paper presented at the annual conference of the HDCA, Cape Town 2017.

Abstract

This paper investigates one of the main arguments behind the Mapuche violent conflict in the south of Chile. Several authors, as well as the media, point out to poverty and high inequality as the central reason explaining the violent conflict in the region of la Araucanía. This study provides a poverty and capability comparative analysis of the Mapuche indigenous group and the rest of the population in the conflict affected Region. Using both monetary and multidimensional poverty indicators, based on data from the 2013 National Socio Economic Characterization survey and information from administrative records, the investigation explores some of the main determinants of poverty. Significant differences are found between indigenous and non-indigenous groups, both in terms of poverty status and in the depth of it. This information combined with some qualitative work will shed light on possible explanations for the conflict and thus provide critical information on how to address it. These results could help better designing inclusive policies that tackle the main causes of poverty and lack of capabilities. Innovative policy prescription could help minimize the violence in the region as well as provide with new opportunities to a population lagging behind mostly due to discrimination.

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