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Sánchez Pérez, Hidalia (2009). "La desigualdad de oportunidades de acceder a un trabajo decente en México" Paper presented at the 6th annual conference of the HDCA, 10-12 September 2009, Lima, Peru.
This paper analyzes the effect of Mexican economy’s structural inequality in the opportunities to access a decent work. A cluster analysis was made for drawing a map which shows regional differences between groups of federative entities. The analysis also considers employed population’s, sex, educational level and age. It was built a Decent Work Index (DWI) as a dependent variable based on Sen´s human capabilities approach and ILO´s notion of decent work. Results show that the opportunities to access a decent work are greater for employed population who lives in federative entities that have the highest rates of growth in tertiary sector. In turn, in poorest federative entities, where opportunities to access a decent work are lower, the inequality gaps between employed population with different educational levels are higher. Education plays an important role in enlarging people’s opportunities to access a decent work, but, this is true particularly for women.