Peeters, Wouter (2011). "Integrating the capabilities approach and the ecological space paradigm to address issues regarding global as well as intertemporal justice" Paper presented at the 8th annual conference of the HDCA, 6-8 September 2011, the Hague, the Netherlands.

Climate change already affects current people’s capabilities, and will affect those of future people even more. Sustainable development should thus be defined in terms of ensuring current as well as future people’s capabilities. However, the capability approach – with its focus on positive freedoms – takes little account of future people. Holland’s proposals to extend the capability approach are important contributions. First, including an ecological meta-capability is able to ensure the ecological preconditions for all capabilities. Second, putting ceilings to capability sets acknowledges the biophysical limits of the ecosphere, but contains a questionable conception of freedom. To solve this issue, we suggest integrating the capability approach and the ecological space paradigm. Two aspects will be dealt with into more detail. We propose to distinguish between social and material conditions within capabilities, rather than to distinguish between capabilities. Moreover, we suggest to put ceilings to functionings rather than capability sets.