Capriati, Michele (2011). "Innovation without freedom. The difficult development of the regions in the South of Italy" Paper presented at the 8th annual conference of the HDCA, 6-8 September 2011, the Hague, the Netherlands.

The paper aims to verify whether, and to what extent, the innovative performance and the potential for growth of regions in the South of Italy, depend on human development and on activities of social inclusion and extension of individual freedom. In the first part of the paper, I will describe the main interpretations of the development delay in the South of Italy. In the second part of the paper I will discuss the interrelations between innovation, growth and human development. In the third part of the paper I will test a model relating the data on regional innovation output with three sets of factors: input data (public and private expenditure in R&D, human capital); structural data (number of big firms, openness to foreign trade, etc); data on human development and contextual features (democratic participation, social trust, economic inequality, etc.). The empirical tests show that an informed and participatory community positively influences innovative capacity, while unequal distribution of income and the relative poverty negatively affect it. Public spending surpasses private spending in significance. Private spending, in turn, depends substantially on the presence of innovative companies in the territory.