Carbajal, Fedora (2011). "Including Time Use in the Analysis of Multidimensional Poverty" Paper presented at the 8th annual conference of the HDCA, 6-8 September 2011, the Hague, the Netherlands.

This study aims to investigate the importance of including time use in multidimensional poverty measures for developing countries. By using the time use survey of Mexico for 2009, this paper incorporates the time use dimension to show how and to what extent poverty measures change once this dimension is included. Multidimensional poverty has been defined in terms of dimensions proposed by CONEVAL (2010). Additionally, household appliances and time use dimensions have been considered. Empirical results are compared by using a technique suggested by Alkire and Foster (2009). The proportion of households under poverty increases once time deprivation is included on a multidimensional poverty measure. These results are robust to different time poverty thresholds and definitions chosen. Poorer households are those with children and especially those with female heads. Higher poverty levels were found when simultaneity of activities was considered. Differences at household level were also found with unemployed women of multidimensionally poor households as the most disadvantaged in terms of time deprivations.