Boussou, Viviane (2009). "Improving capability, empowerment and responsibility to face the political crisis in Côte d'Ivoire " Paper presented at the 6th annual conference of the HDCA, 10-12 September 2009, Lima, Peru.
Since the agreement concluded at Ouagadougou in March 2007, the government of Côte d'Ivoire has been engaged on a path to peace. It wishes to use the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) to draw up a new social contract and to reinforce social cohesion, the only solution leading to a long-lasting peace. In this context, an equitable reinforcement of people's capabilities, aiming at making them less vulnerable to internal and external shocks, would make it possible to take part in the rebuilding of the country and the maintenance of peace. After the 2000 presidential election, Côte d'Ivoire's authorities decided to work out a PRSP. It was unfortunately interrupted in 2002, due to the political crisis that splitted up the country in two parts. However in 2007, the government took over a process that led to the design of the PRSP 2009-2013. This PRSP was finally accepted on January 7th, 2009, by the Bretton Woods institutions. It was a big step ahead; however all remain to be done. In fact, according to this PRSP, the peoples who have income less than 241.145 FCFA, i.e. $480 per year or $1.35 per month, are considered poor. For the first time since 1998 official data are available on poverty in Côte d'Ivoire and the reality appears to be worst than expected. These data are based on a household living conditions survey conducted in 2008. According to it poverty has considerably increased in Côte d'Ivoire. In monetary terms, the poverty rate increased from 33.6 percent in 1998 to 48.9 percent in 2008. This means that today, one person out of two is poor. Côte d'Ivoire's political authorities have a big responsibility in the worsening of the poverty situation and there is now much to do to decrease the poverty rate and to procure better conditions of living to the population. To achieve this, they have to take into account the population needs and what the people really want in order to see their well-being improve. This requires a reinforcement of both individual and collective capabilities in order to change the current power relationships between the various groups of people that have led to the country North-South divide.