Implementing social inclusion in housing communities: the case of chinese urban housing

Cheshmehzangi, Ali (2018). 'Implementing Social Inclusion in Housing Communities: The Case of Chinese Urban Housing' Paper presented at the annual conference of the HDCA, Buenos Aires, Argentina 2018.


Housing is the most dominating typology in any urban region. In urbanising cities, housing always plays a crucial role in addressing the social well-being of the society. Many countries of the global south experience atrocious conditions of housing provisions, particularly for the urban poor, the new urban residents, and the marginalized populations. For several years, we have been working on many cases of rural and urban housing across many cities and villages of China. In this study, we aim to highlight some of these examples and highlight our methods of implementing social inclusion in housing communities. The selected case studies are all within the context of Ningbo and its region, where most of our research is conducted. We will highlight three examples of implementing social inclusion in housing communities, including: 1. for the urban poor population with their decaying situation of urban living whom are subject to gentrification; 2. for the nearby rural population affected by the urbanising process of the city, and whom are subject to rural-to-urban migration; 3. for the emerging middle class of the urban population whom are subject to their new urban styles. In this study, we highlight three very distinct scenarios of how we have implemented the idea of ‘social inclusion’ for a better social development of housing communities in China. This study finally suggests methods of social inclusion and bottom-up approaches of housing community development.

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