Sahoo, Madhulika; Pradhan, Jalandhar (2017). 'Impact of displacement on capabilities of indigenous women in India: An analysis using Nussbaum capability list framework' Paper presented at the annual conference of the HDCA, Cape Town 2017.


Background: Development induced displacement is a complex issues in India. Development projects such as mining, wildlife sanctuary, and irrigation projects have been displacing more than 10000 indigenous people every year.  This has now become major concern for the policy makers to address the problem. The women and children in post displacement situation suffer more than the male counterpart especially in the process of moving to a new setup and culture. They survive to cope with the inequalities and social change.  The present study is an attempt to examine the capabilities of displaced indigenous women living in rehabilitation colonies in India. 

Methodology: The study has used mixed method qualitative and quantitative study design to collect data from the rehabilitation colonies from two different states in India, such as Odisha and Chhattisgarh.  The sample was derived using purposive sampling method. The study has used Nussbaum central human capability list to examine the capabilities of the displaced women. 

Results: The findings of the study suggest that the indigenous women in some ways have better access to education and health care services than the previous place.  However, they face domestic violence in the new setup this is mainly because of easy access to alcohol.  Many also cannot save money out of little income they have.  It was found that the newly displaced women go through cultural barriers in order to get access to modern health care services in the rehabilitation colonies. 

Conclusion: The women after displacement has adopted themselves to new settlement this certainly has improved the wellbeing and capabilities as they have better access to healthcare facilities, education and other basic amenities. They are able to acknowledge evaluate their current life style and to suggest alternatives in order to improve the quality of their lives. However, the major challenges the women are facing are the consumption of alcohol by their husbands and facing domestic violence which is affecting their freedom.

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