Human development and living well in bolivia in the context of bolivian democracy 1982 – 2017

Torrez Valverde, Marco Antonio (2018). 'HUMAN DEVELOPMENT AND LIVING WELL IN BOLIVIA IN THE CONTEXT OF BOLIVIAN DEMOCRACY 1982 - 2017' Paper presented at the annual conference of the HDCA, Buenos Aires, Argentina 2018.

Abstract

The paper describes the relationship between the postulate of Living Well present in the new Political Constitution of the Bolivian State with the approach of Human Development proposed by the United Nations in the context of the current democratic process in Bolivia since 1985 with emphasis on migration processes rural-urban

The objective is to determine if these models or development approaches contributed to improving the living conditions of the Bolivian urban and rural population, achieving a participatory, inclusive democracy based on the ancestral principles and cosmovisions of the indigenous peoples of our country.

The study is of a documentary theoretical nature; having as basic sources of information the official documents of the plurinational state of Bolivia and the human development reports of the United Nations Development Program (UNDP). For the analysis of the problematic they used the categories: bases of Living Well, conceptions of development and public policies, democracy, interculturality.

The analysis of the information obtained shows that there are points of agreement between the postulate of Living Well and the Human Development approach in relation to the welfare objectives of people and society; In this sense, the opportunities and active participation of the actors are fundamental for these coincidences. However, there are also differences especially at the epistemological level since Living Well has a holistic conception that integrates the individual, family, community and nature into a vital and indivisible whole, while Human Development starts from human needs and raises the improvement of their living conditions.

The thirty-five years of uninterrupted democracy in Bolivia favored the achievement of results of poverty reduction and reduction of economic inequality in our country in a process of permanent urbanization. However, there are still many deficiencies in basic services, employment, respect for the rights of vulnerable sectors such as women, indigenous people, young people, etc.

Bolivia is today a predominantly urban country. The majority of its population is concentrated in a territorial axis located in the center of the country, which crosses different geographical areas: the highlands, the inter-Andean valleys and the plains. The headwaters of these regions are made up of three important metropolitan areas: La Paz-El Alto, Cochabamba and Santa Cruz de la Sierra. According to the last Census (2012), these three metropolises concentrate almost half of the total population of Bolivia (5 million). Moreover, an additional 13% resides in some of the 33 intermediate cities with more than 20,000 inhabitants

Finally it is clear that the postulate of Living Well lacks concrete indicators for the objective measurement of results, which makes it difficult to determine the contribution of this theoretical, anthropological, philosophical and political conception to Bolivian democracy.

Keywords:

Bolivian democracy. Human development. Living Well. Public politics. Poverty reduction. Urbanization process.

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