Poggi, Ambra (2009). "Gender employability discrimination in Europe" Paper presented at the 6th annual conference of the HDCA, 10-12 September 2009, Lima, Peru.
Decent work permits individuals to develop their talents and capacities to actively participate in society, and enjoy a broad equality of life-chances. Conversely, bad working conditions and discrimination reduce individual well-being, self-esteem and increase inequality of life-chances. This paper focuses on gender discrimination; in particular, it focuses on differences in the chances of accumulating employability on-the-job between men and women. In facts, accumulating employability on-the job permits to build capabilities to remain active in the labour market increasing opportunities in such a way that the entire life chances are affected. First, we assess the existence of an employability gaps penalizing females workers. Second, we try to understand whether observable characteristics help in explaining the employability gaps. Third, we identify the discriminated female workers and we study their discrimination experiences. Our aim is an exhaustive analysis of the factors (i.e. geographical areas, age groups, occupations or sectors) that characterize employability discrimination in the European Union. We find that gender employability discrimination exists in EU and it is differently spreads among countries, age groups, occupations and sectors. For example, we find that the Southern European countries have the highest proportion of discriminated female workers, the largest average employability gap and the greater severity level. Our results give useful indications to draws new policies aimed to reduce employability discrimination in EU and, therefore, to increase equality of life-chances and participation in the society.