Ray, Nupur (2007). "From Resources To Capabilities In The Development Discourse: A Gender Critique" Paper presented at the 4th annual conference of the HDCA, 18-20 September 2007, New York, USA.

The first objective of this paper is to critically analyze the traditionally dominant theories of development from a gender justice perspective and discuss their implications on the lives of women. The second objective of this paper is to explore the credibility of widely acclaimed Capabilities Approach, conceived by Amartya Sen and developed further by Martha Nussbaum, in the Human Development paradigm, for achieving the real development of women not just as ‘objects’ but as ‘subjects’ in the development process .