From Early deprivations to Social Exclusion, Is education a real way out?

Peruzzi, Agnese (2012). "From Early deprivations to Social Exclusion, Is education a real way out?" Paper presented at the 9th annual conference of the HDCA, 5-7 September 2012, Jakarta, Indonesia.

This paper uses data from the 1970 British Cohort Study for analysing if and how conditions of disadvantage experienced during childhood are related to mid-life social exclusion (SE) and what is the specific role of education within this process. For this purpose, a longitudinal framework grounded on the Capability Approach is adopted in order toshed light on the specific paths by which early deprivations are transmitted over individuals’ life span. The empirical analysis is based on structural equation modelling techniques and proceeds in four steps. In the first step, the measurement model is tested to assess the empirical viability of three hypothesized constructs: childhood deprivations, adolescence failures and mid-life SE. In the second step, a path analysis in the framework of a structural equation model is conducted for describing the trajectories linking childhood deprivations to mid-life SE. In the third step, multi-group techniques test the role of two different conversion factors (gender and parental involvement in children’s education) in moderating the transmission of disadvantages over time. In the fourth step, the multifaceted role of education is established by measuring the extent through which deprivations in the educational domain directly or indirectly affect all the relevant SE dimensions.

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