Evaluation for freedom, justice and capability development: a case study of India

Kant Jha, Krishna (2009). "Evaluation for freedom, justice and capability development: a case study of India" Paper presented at the 6th annual conference of the HDCA, 10-12 September 2009, Lima, Peru.

Education may be progressive or regressive. Progressive education is an input for human development if it is designed and planned appropriately. Countries with high levels of human development certainly encourage their citizens to participate in such education and this gives them the opportunities to make informed choices. On the other hand, for example, the Taliban are the outcome of a regressive education. The young rank and file Taliban were typically Koranic students in Afghan refugee camps whose teachers were often “barely literate, ” and did not include scholars learned in the finer points of Islamic law and history. The refugee students, brought up in an extremely male dominated society not only had no education for a better quality of life but learned that women should be subordinated and that people in general should be deprived of many modern amenities. So the regressive education of Madrassas creating the Taliban, SIMI (Students Islamic Movement of India) and al Qaeda on the one hand and the progressive education of modern educational institutions on the other frame an environment of educational injustice. The objectives of this paper are to examine the impact of the existing education system in India and to suggest a new model of education guaranteeing freedom, justice and capability development. Positive freedom in terms of increased Individual Income leading to good health in general, and freedom for women in particular, both matrimonial and economic, is a pre-condition. However, there are problems. It appears that the denial of access to knowledge, which is a denial of justice, to a substantial number of Indians is the first and the most important problem in this country. It is knowledge which enlightens an individual to explore avenues for a decent standard of living necessary for long and healthy life. Freedom from addiction will improve the quality of life. Corruption is a significant hurdle in the way of capability development. Problems of religious blind faith have contributed to the enslavement of women and to a population explosion. A meaningful education system will ensure attitudinal changes towards women and population control. Pictures of human development are viewed in this paper through the lenses of Attitudinal Change, Women’s Empowerment and Population Control. It is argued that well planned Education and Training facilities for all will provide people with employment and the knowledge necessary to change their attitudes, support the empowerment of women and curb the population expansion.
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