Elgawi, Osman (2009). "Entitlements Failure?Implication for Conflict and Livelihoods" Paper presented at the 6th annual conference of the HDCA, 10-12 September 2009, Lima, Peru.

This paper examines the relationship between entitlement failure and violent conflict. Three types of potential linkage are examined: (i) entitlement failure causes violent conflicts (ii) entitlement failure has not significant effect on conflicts (iii) entitlement failure is correlated with conflicts only through its influence on institutions, environmental, economic opportunity and entitlement failure as such has not additional effect. Darfur crisis has been taken as a case study examining the above linkages. We hypothesized that the Darfur region crisis can be better understood as entitlements failure, when we assumed that the conflict occurred because different social groups share a finite remote rural area, and the current facilities management and utilization of resources in the absent of cultural harmony and state policy does not have the capacity to serve their increasingly cultural interactions.