Prince, Heath (2009). "Determinants of Poverty in Developing Countries: Factors that Effect the Human Poverty Index " Paper presented at the 6th annual conference of the HDCA, 10-12 September 2009, Lima, Peru.

This paper is a preliminary exploration of factors that theory and the development literature suggest should contribute to changes in the United Nation Development Program’s Human Poverty Index (HPI) for developing countries. It is primarily concerned with inteventions that relate to economic growth, the expansion of human capabilities, and the development of assets. The study focuses on the outcomes of a panel data set of HPI scores for a set of 108 developing countries, between 1998 and 2007. Several models are created to empirically test the relationship between the HPI and indicators relating to economic growth-based, capabilities-based and asset-based approaches to development. Preliminary findings suggest that growth-based interventions have a mixed effect on poverty reduction, depending on the level of a country’s deprivation. Education, livestock value, and the employment to population ratio all tend to reduce deprivation, while other variables included in these models suggest no relationship to deprivation.