Decomposing changes in multidimensional poverty in 10 countries.

Apablaza, Mauricio, Juan Pablo Ocampo, and Gaston Yalonetzky (2010). "Decomposing changes in multidimensional poverty in 10 countries." Paper presented at the 7th annual conference of the HDCA, 21-23 September 2010, Amman, Jordan.

Among the burgeoning literature on multidimensional poverty indices, the Alkire- Foster (AF) measure stands out for its resilience to identify the multidimensionally poor with cut-o¤ criteria that cover the spectrum from the union approach to the intersec- tion approach. The intuitive and easy applicability of the identi?cation and aggrega- tion methods used by the index are re?ected in ongoing adoption of the AF measure to di¤erent applications including topics related and unrelated to poverty measurement. This paper shows intuitive ways to monitor changes in multidimensional poverty across time using the AF measure for cross-sectional data. The empirical applications track changes in poverty for ten developing countries using DHS datasets. We ?nd that most countries experienced signi?cant reductions in multidimensional poverty. How- ever the relative contributions of reductions in the number of multidimensionally poor people vis-a-vis reduction in the average number of deprivations varies substantially by country.
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