Irfany, Mohammad Iqbal, and Moises Neil Serino (2012). "Decarbonization of Development Paths: Household Emission Inequality in Indonesia and Philippines" Paper presented at the 9th annual conference of the HDCA, 5-7 September 2012, Jakarta, Indonesia.

The objectives of this study are to analyze the household carbon footprint pattern in Indonesia and the Philippines. It also analyzes the main determinants of the growing carbon footprint in those emerging countries. First we combine input-output energy analysis and household expenditure survey data from Indonesia and the Philippines (for the year 2005 and 2000, respectively), and then we calculate the carbon footprint of households by income groups and analyze the respective emission drivers. In a second step, if income matters as the determinant of household carbon footprint, we will estimate income elasticities for a number of different consumption categories, by differentiating between households by income groups. By disaggregating household expenditure, we will reveal how consumption patterns change when households become more affluent.