Ranis, Gustav, Frances Stewart, and Emma Samman (2007). "Country Behavior on Human Development:All Good Things Don’t Always Go Together" Paper presented at the 4th annual conference of the HDCA, 18-20 September 2007, New York, USA.

The central aim of this paper is to adopt a more expansive definition of HD than that encompassed by the HDI, in order to explore such alternative patterns of country behavior. We are interested in identifying countries which, for one reason or another, seem to do particularly well on one dimension and less well on others, or particularly badly on one dimension and better on others, as well as managing to do well on all, or failing to do well on any.