Alkire, Sabina, and James Foster (2007). "Counting and Multidimensional Poverty Measurement" Paper presented at the 4th annual conference of the HDCA, 18-20 September 2007, New York, USA.

We present a simple new identification method using a dual cutoff approach. The paper then traces through this identification strategy for cardinal data and the Pa family of poverty measures and identifies the axioms that are satisfied. It then extends the identification strategy to the full ordinal case, and the mixed cardinal-ordinal and scrutinizes the properties of such measures. Thus far all discussion has employed equal weights for each dimension; now we demonstrate how to modify the identification strategy for general weights. The empirical application illustrates the core strategy and the modifications discussed, drawing on data from Indonesia and the USA.