Paivansalo, (2010). "Cooperation for Capabilities Over-determined Responsibility and Twofold Fairness" Paper presented at the 7th annual conference of the HDCA, 21-23 September 2010, Amman, Jordan.
Martha Nussbaum, in Frontiers of Justice (2006), updated her view on human capabilities and put forward ten principles that are intended to guide the corresponding socio-economic reform of the global structure. The very first of these principles emphasizes the overdetermination of responsibility for capabilities in the sense that the richer and the poorer nations are together responsible for providing a world-wide social minimum in terms of human capabilities. Over-determination of responsibility, however, also leads to complex questions about fairness as these responsibilities are to be allocated. In the current paper, the author will first calls attention to the idea of fair cooperation in capabilities promotion and then moves on to analyze how this abstract idea could be specified. He begins by showing how the distinction between symmetrical and asymmetrical fairness can be used to addess some nagging questions about ideal and non-ideal approaches to fair cooperation. He then moves on to identify another eleven distinctions about the concept of responsibility, beginning with the distinction between moral and non-moral responsibility and ending up with that between accountable and unaccountable responsibility. Finally, he spells out what these distinctions, which together form so called fair responsibilities for capabilities (FRC) framework, could mean in terms of responsibilities for education.