Wagle, Udaya (2007). "Capability Deprivation and Poverty: An Application in the United States, 1994 and 2004" Paper presented at the 4th annual conference of the HDCA, 18-20 September 2007, New York, USA.

Operationalizing such basic capabilities as education, health, and self-respect in the United States, this analysis suggests that capability deprivation and poverty have marginally declined between 1994 and 2004. Between the factor analytical—with absolute and relative criteria—and fuzzy set approaches used here, I find that application of the former with absolute criteria tends to provide a greater extent of poverty and a more comprehensive demographic and socioeconomic profiles of the poor.