Capabilities in motion: unveiling the human development of a social policy in peru
García Gómez, Pedro (2018). 'CAPABILITIES IN MOTION: UNVEILING THE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT OF A SOCIAL POLICY IN PERU' Paper presented at the annual conference of the HDCA, Buenos Aires, Argentina 2018.
1. Presentation and objective
This is an overview of the thesis proposal for the Master´s degree in Human Development: Approaches and Policies of the Pontifical Catholic University of Peru. The research will be a partial evaluation (2014-2017) based on the Capability Approach on the Program Beca 18, in Lima City.
The main objective is to evaluate qualitatively the expansion of some capabilities, which could be considered integrated in three of the Central Capabilities proposed by Nussbaum (2011) (Affiliation, Control over one's Environment and Bodily integrity). Based on the results, it is also expected to give some feedback to this public policy displayed by the National Scholarship and Educational Credit Program (PRONABEC), in order to contribute to its continuous strengthening.
This initiative arose from the importance of the Beca 18 in Peru, as a social investment policy in Human Capital, which includes both economic development and reduction of social inequalities. Likewise, this proposal responds to the deep interest to know from the viewpoint of Human Development, the direct impact on some capabilities (within the Affiliation, Control over one's environment and Bodily integrity) of a scholarships holders´ group. Therefore, the Beca 18 provides a privileged space for scientific inquiry centered on people about their multiple decision options affected by the Program.
3. Theoretical framework
This work is framed mainly in the Sen (1999) and Nussbaum´s (2011) theories about Human Development approaches and Capabilities, and it is also supported by extensive contributions of various researchers in this field in recent years. Among the most important could be mentioned those of Alkire (2008, 2016) on the prospective and the value of the Capability Approach, as well as the utility of its measurement for public policy; Walker and Unterhalter (2007) on Higher Education Capabilities; Robeyns (2003) and Comim (2001) on the identification and measurement of cabilities, and Samman (2007) on measuring psychological well-being.
The nature of this work implies an eminently qualitative methodological approach, expressed through scales designed ad hoc, useful to give meaning and magnitude to the capabilities to be investigated. The obtained data will be contrasted with descriptive statistical data from official sources.
The organization and measurement of the capabilities promoted by the Beca 18 will be conducted through semi-structured interviews, designed as questionnaires for gathering information that can be weighted.
The design of the interview models will be structured through the prior elaboration of an Operationalization Table, which will include the next cardinal items: 1. The central concepts, 2. The dimensions in which they will be desegregated, and 3. The indicators that will make possible the weighting.