Leyle, David (2010). "Assess well-being: a question of access" Paper presented at the 7th annual conference of the HDCA, 21-23 September 2010, Amman, Jordan.
Built from an experience in a research-action program in Coastal Guinea, the present work highlights the need to update, thanks to Sen’s capability approach, the classic and macroeconomic measures of human development, on which the development policies base their actions led in African rural areas. Here, we can observe a contemporary acceleration of geographical, economic, political and social changes: the connection of studied societies to a globalized world increases with the monetarization of exchanges and so their vulnerability in front of the prices instability. On a local scale, among villages, the lack of well-being (poverty) and the increase of the economic disparities show that the households do not work in a satisfactory way in the everyday life: their access to the resources, the markets and the public services are recurring problems. The construction of “autochtonous” indicators of accessibility, based on qualitative and quantitative methods, allows reporting difficulties of access for the households and the village communities they belong to in order to achieve their functioning. On the one hand, these indicators concern the implementation of the necessary mobilities and thus the construction of circulation spaces in several scales. On the other hand, they underline a low access to resources which is insufficient to improve their level, their living conditions and their social functioning. Finally, all these indicators of accessibility represent good indicators to report well-being, economic and social changes, as well as disparities and social functioning.