Kleine, Dorothea (2009). "Applying the Capability Approach to the “medium of choice par excellence”: Using the Choice Framework for a holistic analysis of internet usage" Paper presented at the 6th annual conference of the HDCA, 10-12 September 2009, Lima, Peru.

This paper identifies controllability and operationalisability as obstacles which prevent the capability approach from being used more widely in development studies and practice. It discusses the origins of the Choice Framework, a conceptual tool designed to help operationalise the approach. It can be used to analyze the appropriateness of development goals, to map development as a systemic process, and to plan interventions which can result in increased choice. Three examples of applying the Choice Framework in the field of information and communication for development (ICT4D) are given. These technologies can be placed at different points on a determinism continuum, depending on the degree of choice left to the user. The paper argues that while frameworks such as the Choice Framework can increase the operationalisability of the capability approach, funders need to accept the fact that people’s choices are never fully predictable or controllable. Full paper available from the author: dorothea.kleine@rhul.ac.uk